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Breast Milk: When Does It Come In?

Breast Milk: When Does It Come In? - PBGS-NY

Breastfeeding is one of the best ways your little baby gets all the necessary nutrients. Breastfeeding a child is one of the strongest connections that a mother has with her child. The female body is perfectly designed to provide all the necessary nutrients for the baby to grow. During the pregnancy, the glands in the breast start to become active and begin to prepare for the process of creating the milk. The breast milk may come in at different times, which all varies from one woman to another.

Does Your Breast Milk Come during Pregnancy

Throughout the pregnancy, the prolactin levels start to increase in order to prepare the body for the production of milk. During pregnancy, hormones like progesterone stop the milk from being expressed. Once you give birth to your child, these hormones do not stop the prolactin from doing its job. This is how your body gets ready for breastfeeding (Read also: What Causes Your Water to Break?).

Generally, in new mothers the breast milk comes after three to four days after giving birth  (Learn also: Assisted Birth). In women, who have already had children in the past, the milk usually comes much earlier.

Reasons Your Breast Milk Is Late

However, in some cases it takes more than four days for the milk to come in. Some of the reasons that can delay the process of milk production are:

  • Having a stressful labor – in cases when you have had a stressful labor or when you have given birth to your child with C-Section, it might take a little bit longer for your milk to come in, usually more than five days.
  • Placenta Fragments – during childbirth, it is possible that some parts of the placenta have remained inside of the uterus. This can interfere with the production of the prolactin and production of the milk. These placenta fragments that are still inside of the uterus interfere and so your body does not get the message that you have already given birth to your child. These placenta fragments are usually removed by your health care provider in NYC without a problem.
  • Diabetes – if you suffer from diabetes, it might take longer for your breast milk to come in, or it can’t come at all. Since your breasts need insulin to create breast milk, they are essentially competing with your body’s need for milk as well.

Stimulate Breast Milk after Delivery

If your breast milk is late, you can try to stimulate it. Usually breast milk is stimulated by nursing every two to three hours. Also, it is very important for you to get enough sleep, eat well and drink lots of water. If nursing does not go well, you can always use breast pumps to stimulate breast milk.

If your milk has not come in even after five days that you have given birth to your child, you should start using formula milk in order to feed your baby.

There is no right or wrong way to feed your baby. Breast milk is perfect for your child and the breastfeeding process will help you bond with your child. You can use formula until your milk arrives or keep using formula.

When Should You Start Breastfeeding Your Child?

If you plan to breastfeed your child, you should start breastfeeding as soon as your baby is born. Breast milk is recommended as the only food for babies during the first six months of their life. It is normal that your child does not latch on immediately. Do not get worried? Sometimes, your child needs a little time for adjustment, as you do. Usually, in the beginning you should breastfeed your child every two to three hours. As the baby grows with months the periods between two breastfeeds goes from two to three hours, into every four, five or six hours.



What Causes Your Water to Break?

What Causes Your Water to Break (1)

As you are nearing the end of the pregnancy you probably wonder what causes your water to break and how it will happen. Once the water brakes, the labor has started, the contractions will appear soon and the baby is on its way.

What Makes Your Water Break When You Are Pregnant?

The role of the amniotic fluid is to protect your baby during pregnancy, as it grows surrounded by this fluid inside of the amniotic sac. The amniotic fluid starts to create after the second week of pregnancy. It plays the role of a cushion for the baby during its development inside of the uterus. However, leakage of amniotic fluid in small amounts is considered normal during pregnancy.

Your body knows when there is the time for your water to break and for the labor to start. It is something totally normal and it triggers a serious of events that will finally cause the rupture of the membranes, releasing the amniotic fluid and starting of the labor.

Usually as the time of labor approaches, the baby moves naturally toward the birth canal pressuring against your pelvis, making the water to break. When the water breaks the woman feels a rush of warm liquid, due to the pressure of your baby that has caused your water to break.

What Happens If Your Water Breaks Too Early?

Keep in mind, than sometimes the water can break before it is the time for the baby to be delivers. In cases when the water to break happens before the 34th week of pregnancy, immediate medical help is necessary as it is a serious condition for both the mother and the baby. Medications of corticoids are usually given to the pregnant women in order to help grow the baby’s lungs faster. The amount of amniotic fluid that remains inside of the amniotic sac is monitored closely and sometimes C-Section is performed in order to deliver the baby pre term. If the water brakes between the 34th and 37th week, the situation is less serious, as the baby is almost mature, even though the lungs are still behind in development when compared to other organs. However, the baby has a great chance to survive and immediate medical help is also necessary in this case to. When the water brakes after the 37th week of pregnancy it is considered that the labor has started. However, the time between the water brake and the delivery of the baby should not be longer than 24 hours as it can lead to complications (Read also: Assisted Birth).

What Causes the Water to Break before Time?

As mentioned before the water can break even before it’s the time of delivery. Some of the reasons for early water brakes include:

  • Infections of the vagina (Read also: Vaginitis), cervix or uterus
  • Infections of the bladder or/and kidneys
  • Multiple baby pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Early activation of membrane enzymes, etc.

The amount of the amniotic fluid differs from one women to another. Some woman have just a little damp, while for other the amount of the discharge from the vagina could be significant for the water to break. In many cases, the water can break even at night during sleep. Shortly after the water brakes, the contractions will start, if they have not started already.



Amniotic Fluid – What Does It Look Like?

Amniotic Fluid - What Does It Look Like

Amniotic fluid is the protective fluid that is found in the amniotic sac of a pregnant woman. The fetus grows inside of this fluid. This fluid plays an important role during the intrauterine growth of the developing fetus. The amniotic fluid protects the fetus from getting jammed within the uterine walls, working as a cushioning substance. It also plays a great role in absorbing electrolytes, lipids, proteins, phospholipids and carbohydrates, which are very important and essential for the growing baby.

Amniotic Fluid Development

This fluid starts to develop during the second week of the pregnancy. It is normal to have frequent vaginal discharge of this fluid during pregnancy, as amniotic fluid stays within the body.

A normal amniotic fluid has no color, but sometimes it is in slight yellow color. It has no odor and can smell like sweet. Sometimes, during the vaginal discharge the fluid can contain mucus spots or blood spots.

During pregnancy, it is normal to have vaginal discharges, even though it is kind of hard to distinguish the nature of this discharge. It can be urine, amniotic fluid or other fluids.

If it is urine, it is more likely to occur during the second trimester and especially during the third trimester of pregnancy, as the growing fetus puts pressure into the urinary bladder. It is normal to leak small amounts of urine while coughing, sneezing or laughing.  The color of urine will be clear yellow or a little bit darker, smelling something similar to ammonium.

If it is amniotic fluid, it will follow the urination. The amount of amniotic fluid leaked should be monitored as it could be something serious, which requires medical help.

Vaginal discharge of any other nature will be thicker than the urine and amniotic fluid. It can be white or yellow in color, usually without an odor. However, when there is an infection causing the vaginal discharge there could be a bad smell and yellowish to greenish color of the discharge.

Reasons That Lead to a Leak of the Amniotic Fluid

Many things can be the cause of amniotic fluid leakage. Regardless, of the cause it should be monitored as it could be something serious. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Vaginal or cervical infections
  • Infections caused due to sexually transmitted diseases
  • Stress or any other psychological problems
  • Premature amniotic rupture history
  • Injury or damage on amniotic bag
  • Defective amniotic bag, etc.

Leakage of the Amniotic Fluid

If the leakage of the amniotic fluid occurs before the 34th week of pregnancy, medical help is necessary. Your health care provider will give you immediately steroidal medicines in order to enhance the growth and development of the baby’s lungs. Your health care provider will monitor the amount of the amniotic fluid remained within the sac and the condition of the baby. If it is necessary, C-section is performed in order to deliver the baby pre term.

If the leakage of the fluid occurs between the 34th and 37th week, the situation is a little less risky as the baby is more developed. However, immediate medical help is necessary and sometimes the birth is induced. Any delay may lead to complications related to delivery (Learn also: Assisted Birth). There is also the risk of infections that can be harmful for the mother and for the baby.

If the leakage of the amniotic fluid occurred when the pregnancy is on term, usually the labor starts on its own, or it is induced as the baby needs to be delivered within 24 hours after water break.


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This website contains general information about medical conditions and treatments. The information is not medical advice.

If you have any specific questions about any medical matter you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.